Citation Guides: In-Text Citations

Sample MLA In-Text Citations

Citing items in text are an easy and quick way to point readers to where you got your information from. They work in conjunction with the citations on your work cited page. The samples below should give an idea how this is done, but for more information, to the MLA Handbook, 9th edition, Chapter 6: Citing Sources In The Text.

Direct Quotations & Paraphrasing

In-Text Citations

After a quote, add the author's last name and a page reference. This is usually enough to identify the source and the specific location from which you borrowed the material.

Example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (Seuss 102-103).

If using the author's name in your text, do not include it in the parentheses.

Example: In his scholarly study, Dr. Seuss observed that "the quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (102-103).

If you use more than one work by the same author, include the title or a shorted form of the title.

Example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (Seuss, "Fox in Socks" 102-103).

If more than one author has the same last name, add their first initial.

Example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (D. Seuss 102-103).

If two or more authors wrote the work, list them all.

Example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (Seuss and Johnson 102-103).

If no pagination information is available.

Example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog" (Seuss).